The Meaning of Onegaishimasu

Today, when I walked to the dojo, something remarkable happened.

You see, when I cross the road at pedestrian crossings, I never press the button. You know – that button that turns the lights red for all the cars, so that we humble pedestrians may cross without being mashed down?

Yeah, that one.

“Why not?”, you might be asking.

Well, I know it sounds a bit stupid, but the reason I don’t press the button is because I’d rather wait for cars to cross, than have the cars wait for me to cross. After all, I’m not the one spewing fumes (though I’m known to fart occasionally), ruining our environment and all.

So, I let all cars pass and then walk.

I don’t mind waiting if that’s what will save this planet from damnation.

However, today when I was patiently waiting for three cars to drive by, the second car suddenly stopped. So I looked at the lights, thinking they must be out of function, right? I mean, why would anybody stop if they didn’t have to?

I certainly hadn’t pressed any button.

So, I’m looking at the driver, who is sitting in some kind of pickup truck, and he waves me over! He’s literally signaling with his hand that I should cross the street, even though he has a green light!

I was stunned for about half a second, then I quickly jogged over the road, waving an enthusiastic “thanks!” to him as he slowly starts rolling again.

I was amazed.

Never had this happened before.

The mere fact that a driver comes in at full speed, has a green light, and just decides to stop because somebody very handsome is waiting to cross, is pretty remarkable to me. And he had another car behind him, even!

In that moment, we shared the feeling of “onegaishimasu”; a word (mis)used so frequently in Karate that it has lost any real meaning.

So let’s talk about onegaishimasu a little. Perhaps you’ve heard it before? Most people say it loudly at the beginning of class.

In fact, onegaishimasu is a word that you are bound to hear if you train Japanese martial arts, but it is in no way exclusive to the martial arts. It is used all the time in Japanese everyday speech. For instance, enter any store or shop in Japan, and the staff will immediately yell “Onegaishimasu!” (or “Irasshaimase!”) as you walk in. A real cultural shock for sure. So it is pretty common.

But what does it mean, exactly?

Well, the word onegaishimasu is not easy to translate literally. But once you “get it”, it is pretty easy to understand the feeling behind it, even if you will have a hard time explaining it to others. you could say that the basic connotation is the feeling of exchanging “good will” towards the immediate/late “future” of the two meeting parties (in my example; the guy in the car and me).

You often bow while saying it.

And you always think it while bowing – even if you don’t say it.

You could say that onegaishimasu is almost like “I’m hoping that our relationship holds good things in the future”, a fact which is evident by the Japanese New Year’s celebrations, where you hear everybody saying “kotoshi mo yoroshiku onegai shimasu” which means something like “this year let’s continue taking care of each other.”

Also, when playing the Japanese game of Go, onegaishimasu is the correct polite phrase to say to one’s opponent – before starting to kick their butt.

In other words, onegaishimasu is a sign of “humbleness”.

It’s kind of like: “I’m here and you’re here – we’re here together – and to make the most of the experience, let’s acknowledge each other and help each other out, for the greater good, okay?”

Except, in one word.

Yet, here’s the problem: why do we constantly see these (Western) Karate people (especially at some tournaments, or demos) proudly screaming “OH-NAY-GUY-SHE-MUS!!!” as the top of their lungs, nose in the air, like it’s some kind of fierce battle cry? They even look angry while announcing it, faces red and all!

That’s just so wrong, on so many points, that I don’t even know what to say.

And I don’t think it is because of arrogance.

Maybe it’s just a “cultural” misunderstanding?

Perhaps, just perhaps, it stems from the fact that many Westerners are so overly proud of themselves, their lineage, their chosen style of Karate, their school, their instructors (is this beginning to sound like a religion?) that they desperately crave to be seen (by their peers as well as “the opposition”) as somebody who “doesn’t give a crap” about others (“going outside of the box? what’s that?”), and simply confuse the act of being humble with being weak? And you can’t be seen as weak, right?!

In reality, onegaishimasu is always said with a feeling of gratitude.

But please, don’t mistake kindness for weakness.

To put it in another perspective, a perfect modern example of the spirit of “onegai shimasu” is, according to me, Georges St. Pierre (often referred to as GSP), the popular Canadian MMA fighter and the current Welterweight Champion of the UFC. To say that he rocks would be a gross understatement.

He is always so respectful.

Never talks trash. He doesn’t even talk loud for crying out loud! He extends his arm and helps his opponents up during a real, live, UFC MMA fight. If somebody says something mean, he always walks away, even though he is bubbling inside. I could go on and on. He is so incredibly skilled and polite that you can easily tell his first martial arts was Karate.

I have never met the man, but I respect him.

Because he is onegaishimasu.

However, as he readily admits himself (in the latest episodes of The Ultimate Fighter), if somebody crosses the line, and decides to mess with him, then it’s “boom” [smacks fist in the other hand] immediately. No second thoughts.

No hesitation.

I think, if you meet a man like GSP, he could be your best friend – or your worst enemy – depending entirely on what you choose him to be. He prefers the first, but is 110% ready to lay you flat… should he need to. This dude trains six hours a day, six days a week.

Trust me, he will lay you flat.

Which reminds me of a quote by the late Shoshin Nagamine, who, when asked for a brief definition of a good Karate person, replied: “A demon’s hand, a saint’s heart”.

That’s sounds like GSP to me.

But I digress.

With that being said though, let me tell you about how onegaishimasu can be applied more in the daily life by describing my Kobudo sensei in Okinawa, and two of his takes on onegaishimasu. He is totally like GSP by the way. A true warrior gentleman.

First of all, my sensei has a really old American car. It is quite unreliable, actually, and pretty much stops dead at every intersection (creating minor chaos), but he has had it for his whole life – and it’s really cool looking – so he’s used to it. It still runs.

The Okinawan baby momas love it.

So, one hot summer day, when I was riding with him – candy paint drippin’, sippin’ on gin and juice, bendin’ the block, showin’ our swagger, doin’ our gangsta’ lean –  the low-low suddenly dies at a red light! So I looked at him a little amused, with that “here we go again!” look (complete with a perfect Japanese smile), and that must really have set him off, because he looks at his steering wheel, going “onegai shimasu!”.

It wasn’t directed at me.

But at the car.

And I don’t know about your car, but this car was an inanimate object. It doesn’t have a heart, it doesn’t breath. It has no feelings, so to speak. No muscles or brains. It was no transformer car (or…?).

But here my sensei was saying onegaishimasu to his car. Not in a jokingly fashion either, but dead serious, like “Dude, I said onegaishimasu. Start already!”

And after a few tries, the car starts – and we slowly roll away.

Now, naturally, this was a bit awkward for me. I mean, what am I supposed to believe? Is he crazy? Has he gone mad? Talking to cars? What the fudge just happened? Was I dreaming?

He saw my concern, of course (nothing escapes his sneaky eyes!) and after thinking for a while he broke the silence by saying “if I take care of car, car takes care of me.”

That’s the meaning of onegaishimasu.

Later, when when we come back to the dojo, he sits down on the porch in front and suddenly flashes his shoe in my face. Before I have time to ask what he’s doing, he tells me that every day when he puts his shoes on, he does it with “onegaishimasu”.

He takes care of his shoes, they take care of him. Needless to say, he has had the same shoes for 20 years, and only one time has he had to change the sole.

That’s 20 years of mutual respect… between a grand master hanshi 10th dan, and two pieces of leather.

Now, if that’s not the definition of “onegaishimasu”, then I don’t know what is.

Obviously, Karate should be… but all too often isn’t.

Let’s keep it real y’all.


  • Diego Romero
  • Diego Romero
  • Dojorat
    Good article but I cannot get passed what the last link at the end brought me to see. Has anybody else seen it?! That is one of the most offensive martial art related things I have ever seen! People like that should not be allowed to ever teach let alone accepted as anyone`s student That was not karate! That is exactly why you hear all those stories of masters testing potential students for months or even years in the old days before teaching a single move. Almost makes me want to stop considering teaching. Maybe Jesse could use that topic for another article.
    • Fraser
      Yes I saw the link, I hope you still consider teaching as somebody needs to say this is wrong. I am sure the are plenty of "masters" that have done things for not very nice reasons and have faded into history. Karate plays on the willingness to comply and belong. Sociology Lectures normal start with the stand up sit down and people will do this for a long time 10-20 before the desire to comply starts to fade if at all. With freedom comes responsiblity,It is all too easy to blindly follow without thinking. What if you stood outside the wrong master's door and found "empty pitchers make most noise" after you were finally excepted? Hope this makes some sense!
  • Jim
    Thanks Jesse, that was a really enjoyable article, i enjoyed the insight into onegaishimasu, it really lit up for me. I think the term which really made it all fit was that of being a warrior and a gentleman. Succint, but it got to the heart of it.
    • Dojorat
      the `angry` shouting onegaishimasu is typical of what happens when people fail to have even a baisc understanding of the culture in which karate was developped. I don`t know if I should laugh or cry. I would much rather laugh at them though. What is important here is not the words, but the principle and message. In Okinawa you would not even think or dare ask your sensei to teach you anything without saying (and meaning) it.
      • Jim
        I think thats basically the entire point, in all the years i have done Karate, i have realised that the more i tried to understand the culture in/behind/of karate, the better my perception of what it means to be a Karateka became, and the more it became something slightly more than what i did but who i am.
        • Dojorat
          From my point of view, saying things in a foreign language without understanding it makes no sense at all. Only after learning japanese and training in Okinawa did I finally understand what the deeper meaning was. This is mostly lost elsewhere for obvious reasons. The words may not translate well but the meaning does.That is why it is more important to teach the spirit of onegaishimasu than the words.
        • Brendon
          Nicely stated. Your words have inspired my next lesson and helped me coin my next inspirational phrase: "When you train... show me who you are"
  • I thought you might enjoy this: Specifically: "Onegaishimasu” (“Teach me, I beg of you”)" XD
    • Sara
      Omg! Nice post! I have been doing karate for a couple of years, but I had never heard "onnegainshimas" in that context... I only knew this word from a couple "pre-made sentences" a Japanese friend taught me (i.e. yukkuri / mou ichi do onegaishimasu) and I was told it just meant "please" (it actually looks like it does mean please... but I had never thought that it could have such a deep meaning! btw, I also say "please, please... (not now!)" to my computer when it crashes! :P
  • warrioress
    "proudly screaming “OH-NAY-GUY-SHE-MUS!!!” as the top of their lungs, nose in the air, like it’s some kind of fierce battle cry?" LOLOLOLOLOL That is so true! Great article by the way. Japanese etiquette (spelling?) fascinates me.
    • warrioress
      Oh and I DON'T think etiquette means spelling! I meant: "Did I spell that right?"
  • jeff
    As Forest Gump would say, "You can tell a lot about a person by their shoes!"
  • “Onegaishimasu!” literally means "Do me a favor." When you hear the word from a store clerk when you walk into a Japanese store or restaurant, the staff is asking another staff to greet you and help you. If it's for the customer, "Irasshaimase!” (Welcome!) is the right word. When we (Japanese) greet each other with “Onegaishimasu!," it carries the meaning of "How do you do? Let's be friends." When we walk into someone else's house or a store and don't see anyone there to greet you, we shout “Onegaishimasu!” to get their attention. This means "Hello! Is anyone here?"
  • Nico
    Un saludo Sensei Jesse. Es un interesante artículo. He escuchado muchas traducciones, con diversos matices. De entre las traducciones que me facilitaron de ONEGAI SHIMASU varios Sensei's hubo una de mí primer Sensei de SHORINJI KENPO Juan Francisco Romero, que caló en mi Práctica del Budo. Él definía "Onegai Shimasu" como una súplica y/o pregunta a tú compañero/adversario traducido en: "¿ME HACES El HONOR?"
  • Peter
    I do not take Karate, nor do I live in Japan but I've heard this word once and only once until just now. I had picked a fight with a fellow that looked at me very seriously and lightly said "Onegaishimasu." After he beat the daylights out of me I found out he was some sort of 2nd-3rd degree black belt in Karate. Until now I never knew what it meant, thank you for the lesson, if you saw his demeanor and the look in his eyes I would say you described the meaning of the word equal to the message he was trying to convey.
  • Alessandro
    Beautiful article, congratulations Jesse san. I have a question: the sensei that you mention in this article, is Nakamoto Masahiro hanshi? Best regards from Italy.

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